Bibliographie actualisée en JUILLET 2019
- J. C. Adachi and T. Willoughby, “The effect of video game competition and violence on aggressive behavior: Which characteristic has the greatest influence?,” Psychology of Violence, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 259–274, 2011.
- L. Adams, M. E. Marini, J. Stokes, L. L. Birch, I. M. Paul, and J. S. Savage, “INSIGHT responsive parenting intervention reduces infant’s screen time and television exposure,” Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 24, 15 2018.
- Ahluwalia, S. M. Frenk, and S. F. Quan, “Screen time behaviours and caffeine intake in US children: findings from the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES),” BMJ Paediatr Open, vol. 2, no. 1, p. e000258, 2018.
- Aishworiya, J. S. Kiing, Y. H. Chan, S. S. Tung, and E. Law, “Screen time exposure and sleep among children with developmental disabilities,” J Paediatr Child Health, Apr. 2018.
Amanda Lenhart, “Teens, Social Media & Technology Overview 2015,” Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech, 09-Apr-2015. .
- O. Amawi et al., “Use of Electronic Entertainment and Communication Devices Among a Saudi Pediatric Population: Cross-Sectional Study,” Interact J Med Res, vol. 7, no. 2, p. e13, Sep. 2018.
- A. Anderson and B. J. Bushman, “Effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive affect, physiological arousal, and prosocial behavior: a meta-analytic review of the scientific literature,” Psychol Sci, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 353–359, Sep. 2001.
- A. Anderson and B. J. Bushman, “Psychology. The effects of media violence on society,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5564, pp. 2377–2379, Mar. 2002.
- A. Anderson and B. J. Bushman, “The Effects of Media Violence on Society,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5564, pp. 2377–2379, Mar. 2002.
- A. Anderson et al., “Screen Violence and Youth Behavior,” Pediatrics, vol. 140, no. Supplement 2, pp. S142–S147, Nov. 2017.
- A. Anderson et al., “Violent video game effects on aggression, empathy, and prosocial behavior in eastern and western countries: a meta-analytic review,” Psychol Bull, vol. 136, no. 2, pp. 151–173, Mar. 2010.
- R. Anderson, A. C. Huston, K. L. Schmitt, D. L. Linebarger, and J. C. Wright, “Early childhood television viewing and adolescent behavior: the recontact study,” Monogr Soc Res Child Dev, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. I–VIII, 1–147, 2001.
- R. Anderson and T. A. Pempek, “Television and Very Young Children,” American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 505–522, Jan. 2005.
- R. Anderson, K. Subrahmanyam, and on behalf of the C. I. of D. M. Workgroup, “Digital Screen Media and Cognitive Development,” Pediatrics, vol. 140, no. Supplement 2, pp. S57–S61, Nov. 2017.
- L. Ashby, C. M. Arcari, and M. B. Edmonson, “Television viewing and risk of sexual initiation by young adolescents,” Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, vol. 160, no. 4, pp. 375–380, Apr. 2006.
J.-F. Bach, O. Houdé, P. Léna, and S. Tisseron, “L’enfant et les écrans. Un avis de l’académie des sciences.,” 19-Mar-2013.
- E. Barber, B. Kelly, P. J. Collings, L. Nagy, T. Bywater, and J. Wright, “Prevalence, trajectories, and determinants of television viewing time in an ethnically diverse sample of young children from the UK,” Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, vol. 14, no. 1, p. 88, Jul. 2017.
- A. Barnett et al., “Sedentary Behaviors in Today’s Youth: Approaches to the Prevention and Management of Childhood Obesity: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association,” Circulation, vol. 138, no. 11, pp. e142–e159, Sep. 2018.
- Barr, “Memory Constraints on Infant Learning From Picture Books, Television, and Touchscreens,” Child Dev Perspect, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 205–210, Dec. 2013.
- Barr and D. N. Linebarger, Eds., Media Exposure During Infancy and Early Childhood. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017.
- Beamish, J. Fisher, and H. Rowe, “Parents’ use of mobile computing devices, caregiving and the social and emotional development of children: a systematic review of the evidence,” Australas Psychiatry, p. 1039856218789764, Sep. 2018.
- P. Becker and J. A. Lienesch, “Nighttime media use in adolescents with ADHD: links to sleep problems and internalizing symptoms,” Sleep Med., vol. 51, pp. 171–178, Nov. 2018.
- Bedford, I. R. Saez de Urabain, C. H. M. Cheung, A. Karmiloff-Smith, and T. J. Smith, “Toddlers’ Fine Motor Milestone Achievement Is Associated with Early Touchscreen Scrolling,” Front Psychol, vol. 7, Aug. 2016.
- Bègue, Psychologie du bien et du mal. Paris: Odile Jacob, 2011.
- E. Bélanger, C. Akre, A. Berchtold, and P.-A. Michaud, “A U-shaped association between intensity of Internet use and adolescent health,” Pediatrics, vol. 127, no. 2, pp. e330-335, Feb. 2011.
- Bellissimo, P. B. Pencharz, S. G. Thomas, and G. H. Anderson, “Effect of television viewing at mealtime on food intake after a glucose preload in boys,” Pediatr. Res., vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 745–749, Jun. 2007.
- Benoit, “Pour la dixième année consécutive, l’étude Media In Life de Médiamétrie mesure et analyse la place des médias et des loisirs numériques au cours d’une journée de la vie des personnes vivant en France,” audience le mag, 02-Nov-2015. .
- Y. Bernard et al., “Predictors of screen viewing time in young Singaporean children: the GUSTO cohort,” Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, vol. 14, Sep. 2017.
- Bernier, M. H. Beauchamp, A.-A. Bouvette-Turcot, S. M. Carlson, and J. Carrier, “Sleep and Cognition in Preschool Years: Specific Links to Executive Functioning,” Child Development, vol. 84, no. 5, pp. 1542–1553, Sep. 2013.
- Beyens and A. I. Nathanson, “Electronic Media Use and Sleep Among Preschoolers: Evidence for Time-Shifted and Less Consolidated Sleep,” Health Commun, pp. 1–8, Jan. 2018.
- Beyens, P. M. Valkenburg, and J. T. Piotrowski, “Screen media use and ADHD-related behaviors: Four decades of research,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., vol. 115, no. 40, pp. 9875–9881, 02 2018.
- Birken, “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children,” presented at the 2017 Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 04-May-2017.
- Blair et al., “Salivary cortisol mediates effects of poverty and parenting on executive functions in early childhood,” Child Dev, vol. 82, no. 6, pp. 1970–1984, Dec. 2011.
- M. Blass, D. R. Anderson, H. L. Kirkorian, T. A. Pempek, I. Price, and M. F. Koleini, “On the road to obesity: Television viewing increases intake of high-density foods,” Physiol. Behav., vol. 88, no. 4–5, pp. 597–604, Jul. 2006.
- M. Borghese et al., “Mediating role of television time, diet patterns, physical activity and sleep duration in the association between television in the bedroom and adiposity in 10 year-old children,” Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, vol. 12, p. 60, May 2015.
- Bozzola et al., “Media devices in pre-school children: the recommendations of the Italian pediatric society,” Ital J Pediatr, vol. 44, no. 1, p. 69, Jun. 2018.
- Braig et al., “Screen Time, Physical Activity and Self-Esteem in Children: The Ulm Birth Cohort Study,” Int J Environ Res Public Health, vol. 15, no. 6, 16 2018.
- A. Brasel and J. Gips, “Media multitasking behavior: concurrent television and computer usage,” Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 527–534, Sep. 2011.
- Briones, “Harnessing the Web: How E-Health and E-Health Literacy Impact Young Adults’ Perceptions of Online Health Information,” Med 2 0, vol. 4, no. 2, Dec. 2015.
- Brown, M. A. Scharf, C. Bustos, D. Chavira, and M. T. Stein, “‘Media Addiction’ in a 10-Year-Old Boy,” J Dev Behav Pediatr, vol. 38 Suppl 1, pp. S69–S72, Mar. 2017.
- Bruni, S. Sette, L. Fontanesi, R. Baiocco, F. Laghi, and E. Baumgartner, “Technology Use and Sleep Quality in Preadolescence and Adolescence,” J Clin Sleep Med, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1433–1441, Dec. 2015.
- Burnay, B. J. Bushman, and F. Larøi, “Effects of sexualized video games on online sexual harassment,” Aggressive Behavior, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 214–223, Mar. 2019.
- G. Bus, Z. K. Takacs, and C. A. T. Kegel, “Affordances and limitations of electronic storybooks for young children’s emergent literacy,” Developmental Review, vol. 35, pp. 79–97, Mar. 2015.
- M. Buxton, A.-M. Chang, J. C. Spilsbury, T. Bos, H. Emsellem, and K. L. Knutson, “Sleep in the modern family: protective family routines for child and adolescent sleep,” Sleep Health, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 15–27, May 2015.
- Cajochen et al., “Evening exposure to a light-emitting diodes (LED)-backlit computer screen affects circadian physiology and cognitive performance,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 110, no. 5, pp. 1432–1438, Mar. 2011.
- L. Calvert et al., “The American Psychological Association Task Force assessment of violent video games: Science in the service of public interest.,” American Psychologist, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 126–143, 2017.
- D. Cameron et al., “Effects of prenatal exposure to cigarettes on anthropometrics, energy intake, energy expenditure, and screen time in children,” Physiol. Behav., vol. 194, pp. 394–400, Oct. 2018.
Canadian Paediatric Society, Digital Health Task Force, Ottawa, Ontario, “Screen time and young children: Promoting health and development in a digital world,” Paediatr Child Health, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 461–477, Nov. 2017.
- M. Carrier, L. D. Rosen, N. A. Cheever, and A. F. Lim, “Causes, effects, and practicalities of everyday multitasking,” Developmental Review, vol. 35, pp. 64–78, Mar. 2015.
- Carter, P. Rees, L. Hale, D. Bhattacharjee, and M. Paradkar, “A meta-analysis of the effect of media devices on sleep outcomes,” JAMA Pediatr, vol. 170, no. 12, pp. 1202–1208, Dec. 2016.
- M. Cespedes, M. W. Gillman, K. Kleinman, S. L. Rifas-Shiman, S. Redline, and E. M. Taveras, “Television viewing, bedroom television, and sleep duration from infancy to mid-childhood,” Pediatrics, vol. 133, no. 5, pp. e1163-1171, May 2014.
- M. Cha et al., “Effect of Media Use on Adolescent Body Weight,” Prev Chronic Dis, vol. 15, p. E141, 21 2018.
A.-M. Chang, D. Aeschbach, J. F. Duffy, and C. A. Czeisler, “Evening use of light-emitting eReaders negatively affects sleep, circadian timing, and next-morning alertness,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 112, no. 4, pp. 1232–1237, Jan. 2015.
- Y. Chang, E.-J. Park, H.-J. Yoo, J. W. Lee, and Y. Shin, “Electronic Media Exposure and Use among Toddlers,” Psychiatry Investig, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 568–573, Jun. 2018.
C.-Y. Chen, H.-Y. Huang, F.-Y. Tseng, Y.-C. Chiu, and W. J. Chen, “Media alcohol advertising with drinking behaviors among young adolescents in Taiwan,” Drug Alcohol Depend, vol. 177, pp. 145–152, May 2017.
- Cheng, T. Maeda, S. Yoichi, Z. Yamagata, K. Tomiwa, and Japan Children’s Study Group, “Early television exposure and children’s behavioral and social outcomes at age 30 months,” J Epidemiol, vol. 20 Suppl 2, pp. S482-489, 2010.
- H. M. Cheung, R. Bedford, I. R. Saez De Urabain, A. Karmiloff-Smith, and T. J. Smith, “Daily touchscreen use in infants and toddlers is associated with reduced sleep and delayed sleep onset,” Sci Rep, vol. 7, Apr. 2017.
- Chindamo et al., “Sleep and new media usage in toddlers,” Eur. J. Pediatr., vol. 178, no. 4, pp. 483–490, Apr. 2019.
- D. Chinoy, J. F. Duffy, and C. A. Czeisler, “Unrestricted evening use of light‐emitting tablet computers delays self‐selected bedtime and disrupts circadian timing and alertness,” Physiol Rep, vol. 6, no. 10, May 2018.
- Chiong and C. Shuler, “Learning: Is there an app for that,” in Investigations of young children’s usage and learning with mobile devices and apps. New York: The Joan Ganz Cooney Center at Sesame Workshop, 2010.
- Chonchaiya, P. Nuntnarumit, and C. Pruksananonda, “Comparison of television viewing between children with autism spectrum disorder and controls: TV viewing in autistic children,” Acta Paediatrica, vol. 100, no. 7, pp. 1033–1037, Jul. 2011.
- Chonchaiya and C. Pruksananonda, “Television viewing associates with delayed language development,” Acta Paediatrica, vol. 97, no. 7, pp. 977–982, Jul. 2008.
- Chonchaiya, T. Wilaisakditipakorn, N. Vijakkhana, and C. Pruksananonda, “Background media exposure prolongs nighttime sleep latency in Thai infants,” Pediatric Research, vol. 81, p. 322, Nov. 2016.
- S. Chou, Y. M. Hunt, E. B. Beckjord, R. P. Moser, and B. W. Hesse, “Social media use in the United States: implications for health communication,” J. Med. Internet Res., vol. 11, no. 4, p. e48, Nov. 2009.
- A. Christakis, J. S. B. Ramirez, and J. M. Ramirez, “Overstimulation of newborn mice leads to behavioral differences and deficits in cognitive performance,” Sci Rep, vol. 2, p. 546, 2012.
- A. Christakis et al., “Modifying media content for preschool children: a randomized controlled trial,” Pediatrics, vol. 131, no. 3, pp. 431–438, Mar. 2013.
- A. Christakis et al., “Audible television and decreased adult words, infant vocalizations, and conversational turns: a population-based study,” Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, vol. 163, no. 6, pp. 554–558, Jun. 2009.
- A. Christakis, J. S. B. Ramirez, S. M. Ferguson, S. Ravinder, and J.-M. Ramirez, “How early media exposure may affect cognitive function: A review of results from observations in humans and experiments in mice,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., vol. 115, no. 40, pp. 9851–9858, 02 2018.
- A. Christakis, F. J. Zimmerman, D. L. DiGiuseppe, and C. A. McCarty, “Early television exposure and subsequent attentional problems in children,” Pediatrics, vol. 113, no. 4, pp. 708–713, Apr. 2004.
- H. Cillero and R. Jago, “Systematic review of correlates of screen-viewing among young children,” Prev Med, vol. 51, 2010.
- P. Cliff, S. J. Howard, J. S. Radesky, J. McNeill, and S. A. Vella, “Early Childhood Media Exposure and Self-Regulation: Bi-Directional Longitudinal Associations,” Acad Pediatr, Apr. 2018.
- Collet, B. Gagnière, C. Rousseau, A. Chapron, L. Fiquet, and C. Certain, “Case-control study found that primary language disorders were associated with screen exposure,” Acta Paediatr., Nov. 2018.
- Collet, “Évaluation du lien entre l’exposition aux écrans chez les jeunes enfants et l’apparition de troubles primaires du langage : étude cas- témoins en Ille-et- Vilaine,” Rennes, 2017.
- L. Connell, A. R. Lauricella, and E. Wartella, “Parental co-use of media technology with their young children in the USA,” Journal of Children and Media, vol. 9, 2015.
- A. Conners-Burrow, L. M. McKelvey, and J. J. Fussell, “Social Outcomes Associated With Media Viewing Habits of Low-Income Preschool Children,” Early Education and Development, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 256–273, Mar. 2011.
- Cools, K. Martelaer, C. Samaey, and C. Andries, “Fundamental movement skill performance of preschool children in relation to family context,” J Sports Sci, vol. 29, 2011.
COUNCIL ON COMMUNICATIONS AND MEDIA, “Media and Young Minds,” PEDIATRICS, vol. 138, no. 5, pp. e20162591–e20162591, Nov. 2016.
- L. Courage, A. N. Murphy, S. Goulding, and A. E. Setliff, “When the television is on: The impact of infant-directed video on 6- and 18-month-olds’ attention during toy play and on parent–infant interaction,” Infant Behavior and Development, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 176–188, Apr. 2010.
- L. Courage and A. E. Setliff, “When babies watch television: Attention-getting, attention-holding, and the implications for learning from video material,” Developmental Review, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 220–238, Jun. 2010.
- Cox, H. Skouteris, L. Rutherford, M. Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, D. Dell’ Aquila, and L. L. Hardy, “Television viewing, television content, food intake, physical activity and body mass index: a cross-sectional study of preschool children aged 2-6 years,” Health Promot J Austr, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 58–62, Apr. 2012.
- M. Coyne, W. A. Warburton, L. W. Essig, and L. A. Stockdale, “Violent video games, externalizing behavior, and prosocial behavior: A five-year longitudinal study during adolescence,” Dev Psychol, vol. 54, no. 10, pp. 1868–1880, Oct. 2018.
- Cristia and A. Seidl, “Parental Reports on Touch Screen Use in Early Childhood,” PLOS ONE, vol. 10, no. 6, p. e0128338, Jun. 2015.
- A. Dalton et al., “Early exposure to movie smoking predicts established smoking by older teens and young adults,” Pediatrics, vol. 123, no. 4, pp. e551-558, Apr. 2009.
- G. M. de Araújo, B. C. Turi, B. Locci, C. A. A. Mesquita, N. B. Fonsati, and H. L. Monteiro, “Patterns of Physical Activity and Screen Time Among Brazilian Children,” J Phys Act Health, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 457–461, Jun. 2018.
- de Jong, T. L. S. Visscher, R. A. HiraSing, M. W. Heymans, J. C. Seidell, and C. M. Renders, “Association between TV viewing, computer use and overweight, determinants and competing activities of screen time in 4- to 13-year-old children,” Int J Obes (Lond), vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 47–53, Jan. 2013.
- Del Rey, J. A. Casas, and R. Ortega, “Impact of the ConRed program on different cyberbulling roles,” Aggress Behav, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 123–135, Apr. 2016.
- DeLisi, M. G. Vaughn, D. A. Gentile, C. A. Anderson, and J. J. Shook, “Violent Video Games, Delinquency, and Youth Violence,” Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 132–142, Oct. 2012.
- S. DeLoache et al., “Do babies learn from baby media?,” Psychol Sci, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 1570–1574, Nov. 2010.
- Desmurget, TV lobotomie: la vérité scientifique sur les effets de la télévision. Paris: M. Milo, 2011.
- Dirani, J. G. Crowston, and T. Y. Wong, “From reading books to increased smart device screen time,” Br J Ophthalmol, Nov. 2018.
- Domingues-Montanari, “Clinical and psychological effects of excessive screen time on children,” J Paediatr Child Health, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 333–338, Apr. 2017.
- E. Domoff, K. Harrison, A. N. Gearhardt, D. A. Gentile, J. C. Lumeng, and A. L. Miller, “Development and Validation of the Problematic Media Use Measure: A Parent Report Measure of Screen Media ‘Addiction’ in Children,” Psychol Pop Media Cult, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 2–11, Jan. 2019.
- L. Downing, J. Hnatiuk, and K. D. Hesketh, “Prevalence of sedentary behavior in children under 2years: A systematic review,” Prev Med, vol. 78, pp. 105–114, Sep. 2015.
- Duch, E. M. Fisher, I. Ensari, and A. Harrington, “Screen time use in children under 3 years old: a systematic review of correlates,” Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, vol. 10, p. 102, Aug. 2013.
- Duch et al., “Association of screen time use and language development in Hispanic toddlers: a cross-sectional and longitudinal study,” Clin Pediatr (Phila), vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 857–865, Sep. 2013.
- Duflo, “L’enfant et les écrans : entre addiction et temps volé,” Médecine et enfance, pp. 194–198, Sep-2016.
- Duflo, Quand les écrans deviennent neurotoxiques. Vanves: Marabout, 2018.
- L. Dunckley, Reset your child’s brain: a four-week plan to end meltdowns, raise grades, and boost social skills by reversing the effects of electronic screen-time. Novato, California: New World Library, 2015.
- F. Dutra, C. C. Kaufmann, A. D. Pretto, and E. P. Albernaz, “Television viewing habits and their influence on physical activity and childhood overweight,” Jornal de Pediatria (Versão em Português), vol. 91, 2015.
- A. Emond, L. K. Tantum, D. Gilbert-Diamond, S. J. Kim, R. K. Lansigan, and S. B. Neelon, “Household chaos and screen media use among preschool-aged children: a cross-sectional study,” BMC Public Health, vol. 18, no. 1, p. 1210, Oct. 2018.
- R. Engelhardt, M. O. Mazurek, and K. Sohl, “Media Use and Sleep Among Boys With Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, or Typical Development,” PEDIATRICS, vol. 132, no. 6, pp. 1081–1089, Dec. 2013.
- H. Epstein, J. N. Roemmich, J. L. Robinson, R. A. Paluch, D. D. Winiewicz, and J. H. Fuerch, “A randomized trial of the effects of reducing television viewing and computer use on body mass index in young children,” Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, vol. 162, 2008.
- Erkoboni and J. Radesky, “The Elephant in the Examination Room: Addressing Parent and Child Mobile Device Use as a Teachable Moment,” J. Pediatr., vol. 198, pp. 5–6, Jul. 2018.
- J. Ferguson, “Everything in Moderation: Moderate Use of Screens Unassociated with Child Behavior Problems,” Psychiatr Q, Feb. 2017.
- J. Ferguson and J. Kilburn, “The public health risks of media violence: a meta-analytic review,” J. Pediatr., vol. 154, no. 5, pp. 759–763, May 2009.
- J. Ferguson, C. San Miguel, A. Garza, and J. M. Jerabeck, “A longitudinal test of video game violence influences on dating and aggression: a 3-year longitudinal study of adolescents,” J Psychiatr Res, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 141–146, Feb. 2012.
- J. Ferguson, “The good, the bad and the ugly: a meta-analytic review of positive and negative effects of violent video games,” Psychiatr Q, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 309–316, Dec. 2007.
- Ferrari, T. Araujo, L. Oliveira, V. Matsudo, E. Mire, and T. Barreira, “Association between television viewing and physical activity in 10-year old Brazilian children,” J Phys Act Health, vol. 12, 2015.
- H. Fiese, “Family mealtime conversations in context,” J Nutr Educ Behav, vol. 44, no. 1, p. e1, Feb. 2012.
- Foerster, A. Henneke, S. Chetty-Mhlanga, and M. Röösli, “Impact of Adolescents’ Screen Time and Nocturnal Mobile Phone-Related Awakenings on Sleep and General Health Symptoms: A Prospective Cohort Study,” Int J Environ Res Public Health, vol. 16, no. 3, Feb. 2019.
- Forsans, “L’année Internet 2015 : Le multi-écrans se généralise et influence les pratiques des internautes,” 25-Feb-2016. .
K.-W. Fu et al., “Parental restriction reduces the harmful effects of in-bedroom electronic devices,” Arch. Dis. Child., Jun. 2017.
- Furlong, M. Morris, T. Serry, and S. Erickson, “Mobile apps for treatment of speech disorders in children: An evidence-based analysis of quality and efficacy,” PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 8, p. e0201513, 2018.
- Furlow, “Media violence and youth aggression,” The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 91–92, Oct. 2017.
- Fury, E. A. Carlson, and L. A. Sroufe, “Children’s representations of attachment relationships in family drawings,” Child Dev, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 1154–1164, Dec. 1997.
- Galetzka, “Commentary: Mobile and Interactive Media Use by Young Children: The Good, the Bad, and the Unknown,” Front Psychol, vol. 8, Mar. 2017.
- Garmy, E. K. Clausson, P. Nyberg, and U. Jakobsson, “Insufficient Sleep Is Associated with Obesity and Excessive Screen Time Amongst Ten-Year-Old Children in Sweden,” J Pediatr Nurs, Nov. 2017.
- M. Garrison, K. Liekweg, and D. A. Christakis, “Media use and child sleep: the impact of content, timing, and environment,” Pediatrics, vol. 128, no. 1, pp. 29–35, Jul. 2011.
- Gentile, “Pathological video-game use among youth ages 8 to 18: a national study,” Psychol Sci, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 594–602, May 2009.
- A. Gentile et al., “The effects of prosocial video games on prosocial behaviors: international evidence from correlational, longitudinal, and experimental studies,” Pers Soc Psychol Bull, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 752–763, Jun. 2009.
- A. Gentile, O. N. Berch, H. Choo, A. Khoo, and D. A. Walsh, “Bedroom media: One risk factor for development,” Dev Psychol, vol. 53, no. 12, pp. 2340–2355, Dec. 2017.
- Genuneit, P. E. Brockmann, A. A. Schlarb, and D. Rothenbacher, “Media consumption and sleep quality in early childhood: results from the Ulm SPATZ Health Study,” Sleep Med., vol. 45, pp. 7–10, May 2018.
- L. Gerwin, K. Kaliebe, and M. Daigle, “The Interplay Between Digital Media Use and Development,” Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 345–355, Apr. 2018.
- N. Goh et al., “Sociodemographic, home environment and parental influences on total and device-specific screen viewing in children aged 2 years and below: an observational study,” BMJ Open, vol. 6, no. 1, p. e009113, Jan. 2016.
- M. Goris, S. Petersen, E. Stamatakis, and J. L. Veerman, “Television food advertising and the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity: a multicountry comparison,” Public Health Nutr, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 1003–1012, Jul. 2010.
- L. Gortmaker, A. Must, A. M. Sobol, K. Peterson, G. A. Colditz, and W. H. Dietz, “Television viewing as a cause of increasing obesity among children in the United States, 1986-1990,” Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, vol. 150, no. 4, pp. 356–362, Apr. 1996.
- D. Griffiths, “Behavioural addiction and substance addiction should be defined by their similarities not their dissimilarities: Commentary,” Addiction, 2017.
groupe de travail sur la santé numerique. Société canadienne de Pédiatrie, “Le temps d’écran et les jeunes enfants : promouvoir la santé et le développement dans un monde numérique.” 01-Jun-2017.
- Guernsey and M. H. Levine, Tap, click, read: growing readers in a world of screens. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, A Wiley Imprint, 2015.
- Gupta et al., “Patient preferences for a touch screen tablet-based asthma questionnaire,” J Asthma, pp. 1–11, Sep. 2018.
- Guxens et al., “Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields, screen time, and emotional and behavioural problems in 5-year-old children,” Int J Hyg Environ Health, Oct. 2018.
- F. Gwynette, S. S. Sidhu, and T. A. Ceranoglu, “Electronic Screen Media Use in Youth With Autism Spectrum Disorder,” Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 203–219, Apr. 2018.
- Hale and S. Guan, “Screen time and sleep among school-aged children and adolescents: a systematic literature review,” Sleep Med Rev, vol. 21, pp. 50–58, Jun. 2015.
- L. Hardy, D. Ding, L. R. Peralta, S. Mihrshahi, and D. Merom, “Association Between Sitting, Screen Time, Fitness Domains, and Fundamental Motor Skills in Children Aged 5-16 Years: Cross-Sectional Population Study,” J Phys Act Health, pp. 1–8, Nov. 2018.
- Harlé and M. Desmurget, “[Effects on children’s cognitive development of chronic exposure to screens],” Arch Pediatr, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 772–776, Jul. 2012.
- Healy, C. J. Aigner, J. A. Haegele, and F. Patterson, “Meeting the 24‐hr movement guidelines: An update on US youth with autism spectrum disorder from the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health,” Autism Research, Mar. 2019.
- Healy, J. M. Garcia, and J. A. Haegele, “Environmental Factors Associated with Physical Activity and Screen Time Among Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder,” J Autism Dev Disord, Nov. 2018.
- Healy, J. A. Haegele, M. Grenier, and J. M. Garcia, “Physical Activity, Screen-Time Behavior, and Obesity Among 13-Year Olds in Ireland with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder,” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 49–57, Jan. 2017.
- F. Heffler and L. M. Oestreicher, “Causation model of autism: Audiovisual brain specialization in infancy competes with social brain networks,” Medical Hypotheses, vol. 91, pp. 114–122, Jun. 2016.
- Hermawati, F. A. Rahmadi, T. A. Sumekar, and T. I. Winarni, “Early electronic screen exposure and autistic-like symptoms,” Intractable Rare Dis Res, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 69–71, Feb. 2018.
- Higuchi, Y. Nagafuchi, S. Lee, and T. Harada, “Influence of Light at Night on Melatonin Suppression in Children,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 99, no. 9, pp. 3298–3303, Sep. 2014.
- Hinduja and J. W. Patchin, “Personal information of adolescents on the Internet: A quantitative content analysis of MySpace,” J Adolesc, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 125–146, Feb. 2008.
- Hinkley, J. Salmon, A. D. Okely, and S. G. Trost, “Correlates of sedentary behaviours in preschool children: a review,” Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, vol. 7, 2010.
- Hinkley, J. Salmon, A. D. Okely, D. Crawford, and K. Hesketh, “Preschoolers’ physical activity, screen time, and compliance with recommendations,” Med Sci Sports Exerc, vol. 44, 2012.
- Hinkley, H. Brown, V. Carson, and M. Teychenne, “Cross sectional associations of screen time and outdoor play with social skills in preschool children,” PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 4, p. e0193700, 2018.
- Hinkley et al., “Early childhood electronic media use as a predictor of poorer well-being: a prospective cohort study,” JAMA Pediatr, vol. 168, no. 5, pp. 485–492, May 2014.
- Hirsh-Pasek, J. M. Zosh, R. M. Golinkoff, J. H. Gray, M. B. Robb, and J. Kaufman, “Putting education in ‘educational’ apps: lessons from the science of learning,” Psychol Sci Public Interest, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 3–34, May 2015.
- M. Hoadley, H. Xu, J. J. Lee, and M. B. Rosson, “Privacy as information access and illusory control: The case of the Facebook News Feed privacy outcry,” Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 50–60, Jan. 2010.
- Holtz and M. Appel, “Internet use and video gaming predict problem behavior in early adolescence,” J Adolesc, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 49–58, Feb. 2011.
- Hosokawa and T. Katsura, “Association between mobile technology use and child adjustment in early elementary school age,” PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 7, p. e0199959, 2018.
- M. Hrafnkelsdottir et al., “Less screen time and more frequent vigorous physical activity is associated with lower risk of reporting negative mental health symptoms among Icelandic adolescents,” PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 4, p. e0196286, 2018.
- Huber, M. Yeates, D. Meyer, L. Fleckhammer, and J. Kaufman, “The effects of screen media content on young children’s executive functioning,” J Exp Child Psychol, vol. 170, pp. 72–85, Jun. 2018.
- C. Jacobsen and R. Forste, “The wired generation: academic and social outcomes of electronic media use among university students,” Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 275–280, May 2011.
- Jago et al., “Parent and child screen-viewing time and home media environment,” Am J Prev Med, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 150–158, Aug. 2012.
- Jago et al., “Cross-sectional associations between the screen-time of parents and young children: differences by parent and child gender and day of the week,” Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, vol. 11, p. 54, Apr. 2014.
- A. Jelenchick, J. Eickhoff, C. Zhang, K. Kraninger, D. A. Christakis, and M. A. Moreno, “Screening for Adolescent Problematic Internet Use: Validation of the Problematic and Risky Internet Use Screening Scale (PRIUSS),” Acad Pediatr, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 658–665, Dec. 2015.
- H. Jernigan and A. E. Rushman, “Measuring youth exposure to alcohol marketing on social networking sites: challenges and prospects,” J Public Health Policy, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 91–104, Feb. 2014.
- Jia, J. Zhang, D. Trindade, and T. Sobko, “Physical Activity Patterns and Correlates of 9-Month-Old Chinese Infants in the Macau Population,” Matern Child Health J, vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 1526–1533, Oct. 2018.
- K. Kabali et al., “Exposure and Use of Mobile Media Devices by Young Children,” Pediatrics, vol. 136, no. 6, pp. 1044–1050, Dec. 2015.
- Kaiser-Jovy, A. Scheu, and K. Greier, “Media use, sports activities, and motor fitness in childhood and adolescence,” Wien. Klin. Wochenschr., vol. 129, no. 13–14, pp. 464–471, Jul. 2017.
- Kardefelt-Winther et al., “How can we conceptualize behavioural addiction without pathologizing common behaviours?: How to conceptualize behavioral addiction,” Addiction, 2017.
- L. Kirkorian, T. A. Pempek, L. A. Murphy, M. E. Schmidt, and D. R. Anderson, “The impact of background television on parent-child interaction,” Child Dev, vol. 80, no. 5, pp. 1350–1359, Oct. 2009.
- O. Kılıç et al., “Exposure to and use of mobile devices in children aged 1-60 months,” Eur. J. Pediatr., Nov. 2018.
- D. Klein, J. D. Brown, K. W. Childers, J. Oliveri, C. Porter, and C. Dykers, “Adolescents’ risky behavior and mass media use,” Pediatrics, vol. 92, no. 1, pp. 24–31, Jul. 1993.
- Klin, S. Shultz, and W. Jones, “Social visual engagement in infants and toddlers with autism: Early developmental transitions and a model of pathogenesis,” Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, vol. 50, pp. 189–203, Mar. 2015.
- S. Kobak, A. Lepp, M. J. Rebold, H. Faulkner, S. Martin, and J. E. Barkley, “The Effect of the Presence of an Internet-Connected Mobile Tablet Computer on Physical Activity Behavior in Children,” Pediatr Exerc Sci, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 150–156, 01 2018.
- D. Kogan et al., “Prevalence of Parent-Reported Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children in the US, 2007,” PEDIATRICS, vol. 124, no. 5, pp. 1395–1403, Nov. 2009.
- D. Kogan et al., “The Prevalence of Parent- Reported Autism Spectrum Disorder Among US Children,” vol. 142, no. 6, p. 13, 2018.
- Kondo, T. Tanabe, M. Kobayashi-Miura, H. Amano, N. Yamaguchi, and M. Kamura, “Association between feeling upon awakening and use of information technology devices in Japanese children,” J Epidemiol, vol. 22, 2012.
- Kostyrka-Allchorne, N. R. Cooper, A. M. Gossmann, K. J. Barber, and A. Simpson, “Differential effects of film on preschool children’s behaviour dependent on editing pace,” Acta Paediatr., vol. 106, no. 5, pp. 831–836, May 2017.
- Kostyrka-Allchorne, N. R. Cooper, and A. Simpson, “The relationship between television exposure and children?s cognition and behaviour: A systematic review,” Developmental Review, vol. 44, pp. 19–58, Jun. 2017.
- Kr?plin, “Conceptualizing behavioural addiction in children and adolescents: Commentary,” Addiction, May 2017.
- Kross et al., “Facebook use predicts declines in subjective well-being in young adults,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 8, p. e69841, 2013.
- A. Krueger and S. D. Young, “Twitter: A Novel Tool for Studying the Health and Social Needs of Transgender Communities,” JMIR Ment Health, vol. 2, no. 2, May 2015.
- Kubey and M. Csikszentmihalyi, “Television addiction is no mere metaphor,” Sci. Am., vol. 286, no. 2, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
- A. Lapierre, J. T. Piotrowski, and D. L. Linebarger, “Background Television in the Homes of US Children,” PEDIATRICS, vol. 130, no. 5, pp. 839–846, Nov. 2012.
- J. Lavigne, K. G. Hanson, and D. R. Anderson, “The influence of television coviewing on parent language directed at toddlers,” Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, vol. 36, pp. 1–10, Jan. 2015.
- G. Lawman and D. K. Wilson, “A review of family and environmental correlates of health behaviors in high‐risk youth,” Obesity (Silver Spring), vol. 20, 2012.
- K. LeBourgeois, L. Hale, A.-M. Chang, L. D. Akacem, H. E. Montgomery-Downs, and O. M. Buxton, “Digital Media and Sleep in Childhood and Adolescence,” Pediatrics, vol. 140, no. Suppl 2, pp. S92–S96, Nov. 2017.
- C. Levenson, A. Shensa, J. E. Sidani, J. B. Colditz, and B. A. Primack, “The association between social media use and sleep disturbance among young adults,” Prev Med, vol. 85, pp. 36–41, Apr. 2016.
- S. Lillard, H. Li, and K. Boguszewski, “Television and Children’s Executive Function,” in Advances in Child Development and Behavior, vol. 48, Elsevier, 2015, pp. 219–248.
L.-Y. Lin, R.-J. Cherng, Y.-J. Chen, Y.-J. Chen, and H.-M. Yang, “Effects of television exposure on developmental skills among young children,” Infant Behav Dev, vol. 38, pp. 20–26, Feb. 2015.
L.-Y. Lin, R.-J. Cherng, and Y.-J. Chen, “Effect of Touch Screen Tablet Use on Fine Motor Development of Young Children,” Phys Occup Ther Pediatr, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 457–467, Oct. 2017.
- L. Linebarger, R. Barr, M. A. Lapierre, and J. T. Piotrowski, “Associations between parenting, media use, cumulative risk, and children’s executive functioning,” J Dev Behav Pediatr, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 367–377, Aug. 2014.
- L. Linebarger and S. E. Vaala, “Screen media and language development in infants and toddlers: An ecological perspective,” Developmental Review, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 176–202, Jun. 2010.
- Lissak, “Adverse physiological and psychological effects of screen time on children and adolescents: Literature review and case study,” Environ. Res., vol. 164, pp. 149–157, Jul. 2018.
- M. Litt and M. L. Stock, “Adolescent alcohol-related risk cognitions: the roles of social norms and social networking sites,” Psychol Addict Behav, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 708–713, Dec. 2011.
- C. Liu, R. A. Desai, S. Krishnan-Sarin, D. A. Cavallo, and M. N. Potenza, “Problematic Internet use and health in adolescents: data from a high school survey in Connecticut,” J Clin Psychiatry, vol. 72, no. 6, pp. 836–845, Jun. 2011.
- D. Loprinzi and R. E. Davis, “Secular trends in parent-reported television viewing among children in the United States, 2001-2012,” Child Care Health Dev, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 288–291, Mar. 2016.
- B. Lovato and S. R. Waxman, “Young Children Learning from Touch Screens: Taking a Wider View,” Front Psychol, vol. 7, p. 1078, 2016.
- Madden et al., “Teens, Social Media, and Privacy,” Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech, 21-May-2013. .
- Madigan, D. Browne, N. Racine, C. Mori, and S. Tough, “Association Between Screen Time and Children’s Performance on a Developmental Screening Test,” JAMA Pediatrics, Jan. 2019.
- E. Marwick and danah boyd, “Networked privacy: How teenagers negotiate context in social media,” New Media & Society, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1051–1067, Jul. 2014.
- F. Masur, V. Flynn, and J. Olson, “Infants’ background television exposure during play: Negative relations to the quantity and quality of mothers’ speech and infants’ vocabulary acquisition,” First Language, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 109–123, Apr. 2016.
- D. Mayes, S. L. Calhoun, D. A. Waschbusch, and R. Baweja, “Autism and reactive attachment/disinhibited social engagement disorders: Co-occurrence and differentiation,” Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 620–631, Oct. 2017.
- Mazarello Paes, K. K. Ong, and R. Lakshman, “Factors influencing obesogenic dietary intake in young children (0-6 years): systematic review of qualitative evidence,” BMJ Open, vol. 5, no. 9, p. e007396, Sep. 2015.
- O. Mazurek, C. R. Engelhardt, J. Hilgard, and K. Sohl, “Bedtime Electronic Media Use and Sleep in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder:,” Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 525–531, Sep. 2016.
- R. McClure, Y. E. Chentsova-Dutton, R. F. Barr, S. J. Holochwost, and W. G. Parrott, “‘Facetime doesn’t count’: Video chat as an exception to media restrictions for infants and toddlers,” International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction, vol. 6, pp. 1–6, Dec. 2015.
- T. McDaniel and J. S. Radesky, “Technoference: Parent Distraction With Technology and Associations With Child Behavior Problems,” Child Dev, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 100–109, Jan. 2018.
- A. McDonald, C. Sroka, E. Olivares, M. Marin, M. Gurrola, and J. R. Sharkey, “Patterns of Screen Time Among Rural Mexican-American Children on the New Mexico-Mexico Border,” Prev Chronic Dis, vol. 15, p. E113, Sep. 2018.
- B. McGee and M. Begg, “What medical educators need to know about ‘Web 2.0,’” Med Teach, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 164–169, 2008.
- McNeill, S. J. Howard, S. A. Vella, and D. P. Cliff, “Longitudinal associations of electronic application use and media program viewing with cognitive and psychosocial development in preschoolers.,” Academic Pediatrics, Mar. 2019.
- on C. A. Media, “Media Use in School-Aged Children and Adolescents,” Pediatrics, p. e20162592, Oct. 2016.
- Meyer, V. Adkins, N. Yuan, H. M. Weeks, Y.-J. Chang, and J. Radesky, “Advertising in Young Children’s Apps: A Content Analysis,” J Dev Behav Pediatr, Oct. 2018.
- O. Mireku et al., “Night-time screen-based media device use and adolescents’ sleep and health-related quality of life,” Environ Int, vol. 124, pp. 66–78, Mar. 2019.
- J. Mitchell, D. Finkelhor, and J. Wolak, “Youth Internet users at risk for the most serious online sexual solicitations,” Am J Prev Med, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 532–537, Jun. 2007.
- Monacis, V. de Palo, M. D. Griffiths, and M. Sinatra, “Social networking addiction, attachment style, and validation of the Italian version of the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale,” Journal of Behavioral Addictions, pp. 1–9, May 2017.
- Montes, “Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder and Screen Time: Results From a Large, Nationally Representative US Study,” Acad Pediatr, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 122–128, Mar. 2016.
J.-H. Moon et al., “Smart device usage in early childhood is differentially associated with fine motor and language development,” Acta Paediatr., Oct. 2018.
- A. Moreno, L. R. Briner, A. Williams, L. Walker, and D. A. Christakis, “Real use or ‘real cool’: adolescents speak out about displayed alcohol references on social networking websites,” J Adolesc Health, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 420–422, Oct. 2009.
- A. Moreno, L. Jelenchick, E. Cox, H. Young, and D. A. Christakis, “Problematic internet use among US youth: a systematic review,” Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, vol. 165, no. 9, pp. 797–805, Sep. 2011.
- A. Moreno, L. Jelenchick, R. Koff, and J. Eickhoff, “Depression and Internet Use among Older Adolescents: An Experience Sampling Approach,” Psychology, vol. 03, no. 09, p. 743, Sep. 2012.
- A. Moreno, A. Ton, E. Selkie, and Y. Evans, “Secret Society 123: Understanding the Language of Self-Harm on Instagram,” J Adolesc Health, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 78–84, Jan. 2016.
- A. Moreno, A. Vanderstoep, M. R. Parks, F. J. Zimmerman, A. Kurth, and D. A. Christakis, “Reducing at-risk adolescents’ display of risk behavior on a social networking web site: a randomized controlled pilot intervention trial,” Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, vol. 163, no. 1, pp. 35–41, Jan. 2009.
- Mullan, “A child’s day: trends in time use in the UK from 1975 to 2015,” Br J Sociol, Apr. 2018.
- G. Munzer et al., “Media Exposure in Low-Income Preschool-Aged Children Is Associated with Multiple Measures of Self-Regulatory Behavior,” J Dev Behav Pediatr, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 303–309, May 2018.
- G. Munzer, A. L. Miller, H. M. Weeks, N. Kaciroti, and J. Radesky, “Differences in Parent-Toddler Interactions With Electronic Versus Print Books,” Pediatrics, Mar. 2019.
- A. Naslund, K. A. Aschbrenner, L. A. Marsch, and S. J. Bartels, “The future of mental health care: peer-to-peer support and social media,” Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 113–122, Apr. 2016.
- I. Nathanson, F. Aladé, M. L. Sharp, E. E. Rasmussen, and K. Christy, “The relation between television exposure and executive function among preschoolers,” Dev Psychol, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1497–1506, May 2014.
- W. Ng, L. Augustine, and J. Inchley, “Comparisons in Screen-Time Behaviours among Adolescents with and without Long-Term Illnesses or Disabilities: Results from 2013/14 HBSC Study,” Int J Environ Res Public Health, vol. 15, no. 10, Oct. 2018.
- Nuutinen, C. Ray, and E. Roos, “Do computer use, TV viewing, and the presence of the media in the bedroom predict school-aged children’s sleep habits in a longitudinal study?,” BMC Public Health, vol. 13, p. 684, Jul. 2013.
- O’Brien, J. Issartel, and S. Belton, “Relationship between Physical Activity, Screen Time and Weight Status among Young Adolescents,” Sports (Basel), vol. 6, no. 3, Jun. 2018.
- Osika, “Not all screens should be used in common living spaces,” Arch Pediatr, vol. 25, no. 4, p. 301, 2018.
- J. Paavonen, M. Roine, M. Pennonen, and A. R. Lahikainen, “Do parental co-viewing and discussions mitigate TV-induced fears in young children?,” Child Care Health Dev, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 773–780, Nov. 2009.
- S. Pagani, C. Fitzpatrick, T. A. Barnett, and E. Dubow, “Prospective associations between early childhood television exposure and academic, psychosocial, and physical well-being by middle childhood,” Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, vol. 164, no. 5, pp. 425–431, May 2010.
- S. Pagani, M. J. Harbec, and T. A. Barnett, “Prospective associations between television in the preschool bedroom and later bio-psycho-social risks,” Pediatric Research, Dec. 2018.
- Park et al., “Maternal Depression and Children’s Screen Overuse,” J. Korean Med. Sci., vol. 33, no. 34, p. e219, Aug. 2018.
- Paudel, J. Leavy, and J. Jancey, “Correlates of mobile screen media use among children aged 0–8: protocol for a systematic review,” Systematic Reviews, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 91, Jun. 2016.
- P. Paulus et al., “Screen media activity and brain structure in youth: Evidence for diverse structural correlation networks from the ABCD study,” Neuroimage, vol. 185, pp. 140–153, 15 2019.
- A. Pempek, H. L. Kirkorian, and D. R. Anderson, “The Effects of Background Television on the Quantity and Quality of Child-Directed Speech by Parents,” Journal of Children and Media, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 211–222, Jul. 2014.
- Peracchia and G. Curcio, “Exposure to video games: effects on sleep and on post-sleep cognitive abilities. A sistematic review of experimental evidences,” Sleep Science, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 302–314, 2018.
- Pfledderer, R. Burns, and T. Brusseau, “Association between Access to Electronic Devices in the Home Environment and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Children,” Children, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 8, Jan. 2019.
- Picherot et al., “Children and screens: Groupe de Pédiatrie Générale (Société française de pédiatrie) guidelines for pediatricians and families,” Archives de Pédiatrie, Feb. 2018.
- Poulain, T. Peschel, M. Vogel, A. Jurkutat, and W. Kiess, “Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of screen time and physical activity with school performance at different types of secondary school,” BMC Public Health, vol. 18, no. 1, p. 563, Apr. 2018.
- Poulain, M. Vogel, T. Buzek, J. Genuneit, A. Hiemisch, and W. Kiess, “Reciprocal Longitudinal Associations Between Adolescents’ Media Consumption and Sleep,” Behav Sleep Med, pp. 1–15, Jul. 2018.
- T. Prescott, J. D. Sargent, and J. G. Hull, “Metaanalysis of the relationship between violent video game play and physical aggression over time,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., vol. 115, no. 40, pp. 9882–9888, 02 2018.
- K. Ra et al., “Association of Digital Media Use With Subsequent Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among Adolescents,” JAMA, vol. 320, no. 3, p. 255, Jul. 2018.
- S. Radesky, J. Schumacher, and B. Zuckerman, “Mobile and interactive media use by young children: the good, the bad, and the unknown,” Pediatrics, vol. 135, 2015.
- Radesky, C. Leung, D. Appugliese, A. L. Miller, J. C. Lumeng, and K. L. Rosenblum, “Maternal Mental Representations of the Child and Mobile Phone Use During Parent-Child Mealtimes,” J Dev Behav Pediatr, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 310–317, May 2018.
- Radesky, A. L. Miller, K. L. Rosenblum, D. Appugliese, N. Kaciroti, and J. C. Lumeng, “Maternal mobile device use during a structured parent-child interaction task,” Acad Pediatr, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 238–244, Apr. 2015.
- Radesky and M. A. Moreno, “How to Consider Screen Time Limits…for Parents,” JAMA Pediatr, vol. 172, no. 10, p. 996, Oct. 2018.
- S. Radesky and D. A. Christakis, “Increased Screen Time: Implications for Early Childhood Development and Behavior,” Pediatr. Clin. North Am., vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 827–839, Oct. 2016.
- S. Radesky et al., “Patterns of mobile device use by caregivers and children during meals in fast food restaurants,” Pediatrics, vol. 133, no. 4, pp. e843-849, Apr. 2014.
- S. Radesky, E. Peacock-Chambers, B. Zuckerman, and M. Silverstein, “Use of Mobile Technology to Calm Upset Children: Associations With Social-Emotional Development,” JAMA Pediatrics, vol. 170, no. 4, p. 397, Apr. 2016.
- S. Radesky, J. Schumacher, and B. Zuckerman, “Mobile and Interactive Media Use by Young Children: The Good, the Bad, and the Unknown,” Pediatrics, vol. 135, no. 1, pp. 1–3, Jan. 2015.
- S. Radesky, M. Silverstein, B. Zuckerman, and D. A. Christakis, “Infant self-regulation and early childhood media exposure,” Pediatrics, vol. 133, no. 5, pp. e1172-1178, May 2014.
- Raskauskas and A. D. Stoltz, “Involvement in traditional and electronic bullying among adolescents,” Dev Psychol, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 564–575, May 2007.
- Ravinder, E. A. Donckels, J. S. B. Ramirez, D. A. Christakis, J.-M. Ramirez, and S. M. Ferguson, “Excessive Sensory Stimulation during Development Alters Neural Plasticity and Vulnerability to Cocaine in Mice,” eNeuro, vol. 3, no. 4, Aug. 2016.
- Reuters, EndNote: Thomson Reuters. 2011.
- A. Richert, M. B. Robb, J. G. Fender, and E. Wartella, “Word learning from baby videos,” Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, vol. 164, no. 5, pp. 432–437, May 2010.
- Rideout, “Measuring time spent with media: the Common Sense census of media use by US 8- to 18-year-olds,” Journal of Children and Media, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 138–144, Jan. 2016.
- N. Robinson, H. L. Chen, and J. D. Killen, “Television and music video exposure and risk of adolescent alcohol use,” Pediatrics, vol. 102, no. 5, p. E54, Nov. 1998.
- N. Robinson et al., “Screen Media Exposure and Obesity in Children and Adolescents,” Pediatrics, vol. 140, no. Supplement 2, pp. S97–S101, Nov. 2017.
- Roseberry, K. Hirsh-Pasek, and R. M. Golinkoff, “Skype me! Socially contingent interactions help toddlers learn language,” Child Dev, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 956–970, Jun. 2014.
- T. Ross, M. Dowda, R. P. Saunders, and R. R. Pate, “Double dose: the cumulative effect of TV viewing at home and in preschool on children’s activity patterns and weight status,” Pediatr Exerc Sci, vol. 25, 2013.
- Russo-Johnson, G. Troseth, C. Duncan, and A. Mesghina, “All Tapped Out: Touchscreen Interactivity and Young Children’s Word Learning,” Front Psychol, vol. 8, p. 578, 2017.
- Sala and F. Gobet, “Cognitive Training Does Not Enhance General Cognition,” Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 9–20, Jan. 2019.
- Sala, K. S. Tatlidil, and F. Gobet, “Video game training does not enhance cognitive ability: A comprehensive meta-analytic investigation.,” Psychological Bulletin, vol. 144, no. 2, pp. 111–139, Feb. 2018.
- Salti et al., “Age-dependent association of exposure to television screen with children’s urinary melatonin excretion?,” Neuro Endocrinol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 1–2, pp. 73–80, Apr. 2006.
- Saxena et al., “Prevalence of Myopia and Its Risk Factors in Urban School Children in Delhi: The North India Myopia Study (NIM Study),” PLOS ONE, vol. 10, no. 2, p. e0117349, Feb. 2015.
- Saxena et al., “Incidence and progression of myopia and associated factors in urban school children in Delhi: The North India Myopia Study (NIM Study),” PLoS ONE, vol. 12, no. 12, p. e0189774, 2017.
- S. Schechter and E. Willheim, “Disturbances of Attachment and Parental Psychopathology in Early Childhood,” Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 665–686, Jul. 2009.
- S. S. Schilhab, M. P. Stevenson, and P. Bentsen, “Contrasting Screen-Time and Green-Time: A Case for Using Smart Technology and Nature to Optimize Learning Processes,” Front Psychol, vol. 9, Jun. 2018.
- E. Schmidt, T. A. Pempek, H. L. Kirkorian, A. F. Lund, and D. R. Anderson, “The effects of background television on the toy play behavior of very young children,” Child Dev, vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 1137–1151, Aug. 2008.
- E. Schmidt, M. Rich, S. L. Rifas-Shiman, E. Oken, and E. M. Taveras, “Television viewing in infancy and child cognition at 3 years of age in a US cohort,” Pediatrics, vol. 123, no. 3, pp. e370-375, Mar. 2009.
- Shaheen, “How child’s play impacts executive function–related behaviors,” Appl Neuropsychol Child, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 182–187, 2014.
- B. Shakya and N. A. Christakis, “Association of Facebook Use With Compromised Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study,” Am. J. Epidemiol., Jan. 2017.
- E. Sherman, P. M. Greenfield, L. M. Hernandez, and M. Dapretto, “Peer Influence Via Instagram: Effects on Brain and Behavior in Adolescence and Young Adulthood,” Child Dev, Jun. 2017.
- Shin, “Joint Association of Screen Time and Physical Activity with Obesity: Findings from the Korea Media Panel Study,” Osong Public Health Res Perspect, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 207–212, Aug. 2018.
- Shin, “Exploring pathways from television viewing to academic achievement in school age children,” J Genet Psychol, vol. 165, no. 4, pp. 367–381, Dec. 2004.
- Sigmundová, E. Sigmund, J. Bucksch, P. Baďura, M. Kalman, and Z. Hamřík, “Trends in Screen Time Behaviours in Czech Schoolchildren between 2002 and 2014: HBSC Study,” Cent. Eur. J. Public Health, vol. 25 Suppl 1, pp. S15–S20, Jul. 2017.
- Simonato, M. Janosz, I. Archambault, and L. S. Pagani, “Prospective associations between toddler televiewing and subsequent lifestyle habits in adolescence,” Prev Med, vol. 110, pp. 24–30, May 2018.
- Skalická, B. Wold Hygen, F. Stenseng, S. B. Kårstad, and L. Wichstrøm, “Screen time and the development of emotion understanding from age 4 to age 8: A community study,” British Journal of Developmental Psychology, Feb. 2019.
- Slobodin, K. F. Heffler, and M. Davidovitch, “Screen Media and Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Literature Review,” J Dev Behav Pediatr, Mar. 2019.
- Stockdale and S. M. Coyne, “Video game addiction in emerging adulthood: Cross-sectional evidence of pathology in video game addicts as compared to matched healthy controls,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 225, pp. 265–272, Jan. 2018.
- Strasburger and M. Hogan, “Policy statement: children, adolescents and the media,” Pediatrics, vol. 132, 2013.
- A. Strouse and P. A. Ganea, “Parent-Toddler Behavior and Language Differ When Reading Electronic and Print Picture Books,” Front Psychol, vol. 8, p. 677, 2017.
- A. Strouse and P. A. Ganea, “Toddlers’ word learning and transfer from electronic and print books,” J Exp Child Psychol, vol. 156, pp. 129–142, Apr. 2017.
- A. Strouse and P. A. Ganea, “Parent–Toddler Behavior and Language Differ When Reading Electronic and Print Picture Books,” Front Psychol, vol. 8, May 2017.
- F. Suglia, C. S. Duarte, E. C. Chambers, and R. Boynton-Jarrett, “Social and behavioral risk factors for obesity in early childhood,” J Dev Behav Pediatr, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 549–556, Oct. 2013.
- Sussman and M. B. Moran, “Hidden addiction: Television,” J Behav Addict, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 125–132, Sep. 2013.
- Sussman, D. Rozgonjuk, and R. J. J. M. van den Eijnden, “Substance and behavioral addictions may share a similar underlying process of dysregulation: Substance and behavioral addictions may share a similar underlying process of dysregulation,” Addiction, 2017.
- Tanimura, K. Okuma, and K. Kyoshima, “Television Viewing, Reduced Parental Utterance, and Delayed Speech Development in Infants and Young Children,” Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 161, no. 6, p. 618, Jun. 2007.
- Tare, C. Chiong, P. Ganea, and J. Deloache, “Less is More: How manipulative features affect children’s learning from picture books,” J Appl Dev Psychol, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 395–400, Sep. 2010.
- M. Taveras, M. W. Gillman, K. P. Kleinman, J. W. Rich-Edwards, and S. L. Rifas-Shiman, “Reducing racial/ethnic disparities in childhood obesity: the role of early life risk factors,” JAMA Pediatr, vol. 167, no. 8, pp. 731–738, Aug. 2013.
- R. Temple and H. Choi, “Longitudinal association between teen sexting and sexual behavior,” Pediatrics, vol. 134, no. 5, pp. e1287-1292, Nov. 2014.
- Thivel et al., “Associations between meeting combinations of 24-hour movement recommendations and dietary patterns of children: A 12-country study,” Prev Med, vol. 118, pp. 159–165, Oct. 2018.
- L. Thompson, L. S. Adair, and M. E. Bentley, “Maternal characteristics and perception of temperament associated with infant TV exposure,” Pediatrics, vol. 131, no. 2, pp. e390-397, Feb. 2013.
- Tisseron, “« 3-6-9-12 » et au delà.” .
- Titus-Ernstoff, M. A. Dalton, A. M. Adachi-Mejia, M. R. Longacre, and M. L. Beach, “Longitudinal study of viewing smoking in movies and initiation of smoking by children,” Pediatrics, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 15–21, Jan. 2008.
- Tomopoulos, C. Brockmeyer Cates, B. P. Dreyer, A. H. Fierman, S. B. Berkule, and A. L. Mendelsohn, “Children under the age of two are more likely to watch inappropriate background media than older children,” Acta Paediatr, vol. 103, no. 5, pp. 546–552, May 2014.
- Tomopoulos, B. P. Dreyer, S. Berkule, A. H. Fierman, C. Brockmeyer, and A. L. Mendelsohn, “Infant media exposure and toddler development,” Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, vol. 164, no. 12, pp. 1105–1111, Dec. 2010.
- Tomopoulos et al., “Media content and externalizing behaviors in Latino toddlers,” Ambul Pediatr, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 232–238, Jun. 2007.
- M. Twenge and W. K. Campbell, “Associations between screen time and lower psychological well-being among children and adolescents: Evidence from a population-based study,” Prev Med Rep, vol. 12, pp. 271–283, Dec. 2018.
- M. Twenge, G. N. Martin, and W. K. Campbell, “Decreases in Psychological Well-Being Among American Adolescents After 2012 and Links to Screen Time During the Rise of Smartphone Technology,” Emotion, Jan. 2018.
- R. Uncapher et al., “Media Multitasking and Cognitive, Psychological, Neural, and Learning Differences,” Pediatrics, vol. 140, no. Supplement 2, pp. S62–S66, Nov. 2017.
- Vaillancourt, H. L. Brittain, P. McDougall, and E. Duku, “Longitudinal links between childhood peer victimization, internalizing and externalizing problems, and academic functioning: developmental cascades,” J Abnorm Child Psychol, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 1203–1215, Nov. 2013.
- van den Heuvel et al., “Mobile Media Device Use is Associated with Expressive Language Delay in 18-Month-Old Children:,” Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 99–104, 2019.
- I. van Schalkwyk et al., “Social Media Use, Friendship Quality, and the Moderating Role of Anxiety in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder,” J Autism Dev Disord, Jun. 2017.
- M. Vanderloo, “Screen-viewing among preschoolers in childcare: a systematic review,” BMC Pediatr, vol. 14, 2014.
- Vijakkhana, T. Wilaisakditipakorn, K. Ruedeekhajorn, C. Pruksananonda, and W. Chonchaiya, “Evening media exposure reduces night-time sleep,” Acta Paediatr., vol. 104, no. 3, pp. 306–312, Mar. 2015.
- E. Waasdorp and C. P. Bradshaw, “The overlap between cyberbullying and traditional bullying,” J Adolesc Health, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 483–488, May 2015.
- Wahnschaffe et al., “Out of the lab and into the bathroom: evening short-term exposure to conventional light suppresses melatonin and increases alertness perception,” Int J Mol Sci, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 2573–2589, Jan. 2013.
- Waisman, E. Hidalgo, and M. L. Rossi, “Screen use among young children in a city of Argentina,” Arch Argent Pediatr, vol. 116, no. 2, pp. e186–e195, Apr. 2018.
- Waldman, S. Nicholson, N. Adilov, and J. Williams, “Autism Prevalence and Precipitation Rates in California, Oregon, and Washington Counties,” Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 162, no. 11, p. 1026, Nov. 2008.
- Waldman, S. Nicholson, and N. Adilov, “Positive and Negative Mental Health Consequences of Early Childhood Television Watching,” National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA, w17786, Jan. 2012.
- J. Walsh et al., “Associations between 24 hour movement behaviours and global cognition in US children: a cross-sectional observational study,” Lancet Child Adolesc Health, vol. 2, no. 11, pp. 783–791, Nov. 2018.
- Wang, H. Xie, Y. Wang, Y. Hao, and J. An, “Using Touchscreen Tablets to Help Young Children Learn to Tell Time,” Front Psychol, vol. 7, Nov. 2016.
- Wang, J. Zhong, R. Hu, B. Fiona, M. Yu, and H. Du, “Prevalence of high screen time and associated factors among students: a cross-sectional study in Zhejiang, China,” BMJ Open, vol. 8, no. 6, p. e021493, Jun. 2018.
- M. Wen, L. A. Baur, C. Rissel, H. Xu, and J. M. Simpson, “Correlates of body mass index and overweight and obesity of children aged 2 years: findings from the healthy beginnings trial,” Obesity (Silver Spring), vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 1723–1730, Jul. 2014.
- J. Wilkie, M. Standage, F. B. Gillison, S. P. Cumming, and P. T. Katzmarzyk, “The home electronic media environment and parental safety concerns: relationships with outdoor time after school and over the weekend among 9-11 year old children,” BMC Public Health, vol. 18, no. 1, p. 456, Apr. 2018.
- M. Winpenny, T. M. Marteau, and E. Nolte, “Exposure of children and adolescents to alcohol marketing on social media websites,” Alcohol Alcohol., vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 154–159, Apr. 2014.
Winterstein P and Jungwirth RJ, “[Media usage and passive smoking in preschool children: risk factors for cognitive development?].,” Kinderkrankenschwester: Organ Der Sektion Kinderkrankenpflege, vol. 34, no. 7, p. 266, Jul. 2015.
- Wu, S. Tao, E. Rutayisire, Y. Chen, K. Huang, and F. Tao, “The relationship between screen time, nighttime sleep duration, and behavioural problems in preschool children in China,” Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 541–548, May 2017.
- Yadav and P. Chakraborty, “Smartphone apps can entertain and educate children aged two to six years but should be used with caution,” Acta Paediatr., vol. 107, no. 10, pp. 1834–1835, Oct. 2018.
- Yadav, P. Chakraborty, P. Mittal, and U. Arora, “Children aged 6-24 months like to watch YouTube videos but could not learn anything from them,” Acta Paediatr., vol. 107, no. 8, pp. 1461–1466, Aug. 2018.
- Ye, L. Chen, Q. Wang, and Q. Li, “Correlates of screen time among 8-19-year-old students in China,” BMC Public Health, vol. 18, no. 1, p. 467, Apr. 2018.
- Yland, S. Guan, E. Emanuele, and L. Hale, “Interactive vs passive screen time and nighttime sleep duration among school-aged children,” Sleep Health, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 191–196, Sep. 2015.
- Yogman et al., “The Power of Play: A Pediatric Role in Enhancing Development in Young Children,” Pediatrics, vol. 142, no. 3, Sep. 2018.
N.-U. Yurika et al., “Attachment Disorder and Early Media Exposure: Neurobehavioral symptoms mimicking autism spectrum disorder,” J. Med. Invest., vol. 65, no. 3.4, pp. 280–282, 2018.
- Zack and R. Barr, “The Role of Interactional Quality in Learning from Touch Screens during Infancy: Context Matters,” Front Psychol, vol. 7, p. 1264, 2016.
- Zack, P. Gerhardstein, A. N. Meltzoff, and R. Barr, “15-month-olds’ transfer of learning between touch screen and real-world displays: language cues and cognitive loads,” Scand J Psychol, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 20–25, Feb. 2013.
- Zeanah and N. Boris, “Disturbances and disorders of attachment in early childhood,” in The Handbook of infant mental health, The Guilford Press., New York: Zeanah CH, pp. 353–368.
- Zengin-Akkuş, T. Çelen-Yoldaş, G. Kurtipek, and E. N. Özmert, “Speech delay in toddlers: Are they only `late talkers`?,” Turk. J. Pediatr., vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 165–172, 2018.
- Zhao et al., “Excessive Screen Time and Psychosocial Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Body Mass Index, Sleep Duration, and Parent-Child Interaction,” J. Pediatr., vol. 202, pp. 157-162.e1, Nov. 2018.
- J. Zimmerman and D. A. Christakis, “Associations Between Content Types of Early Media Exposure and Subsequent Attentional Problems,” PEDIATRICS, vol. 120, no. 5, pp. 986–992, Nov. 2007.
- J. Zimmerman and D. A. Christakis, “Children’s Television Viewing and Cognitive Outcomes: A Longitudinal Analysis of National Data,” Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 159, no. 7, p. 619, Jul. 2005.
- J. Zimmerman, D. A. Christakis, and A. N. Meltzoff, “Associations between media viewing and language development in children under age 2 years,” J. Pediatr., vol. 151, no. 4, pp. 364–368, Oct. 2007.
- J. Zimmerman, G. M. Glew, D. A. Christakis, and W. Katon, “Early Cognitive Stimulation, Emotional Support, and Television Watching as Predictors of Subsequent Bullying Among Grade-School Children,” Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 159, no. 4, p. 384, Apr. 2005.
- Zimmermann, A. Moser, H. Lee, P. Gerhardstein, and R. Barr, “The Ghost in the Touchscreen: Social Scaffolds Promote Learning by Toddlers,” Child Dev, Dec. 2016.
- Zink, B. R. Belcher, A. Kechter, M. D. Stone, and A. M. Leventhal, “Reciprocal associations between screen time and emotional disorder symptoms during adolescence,” Prev Med Rep, vol. 13, pp. 281–288, Mar. 2019.
“THE COMMON SENSE CENSUS 2017 : MEDIA USE BY KIDS AGE ZERO TO EIGHT.” .
2018. D. Marcelli, M.-C. Bossière, et A.-L. Ducanda, « Plaidoyer pour un nouveau syndrome « Exposition précoce et excessive aux écrans » (epee) », Enfances Psy, vol. N° 79, no 3, p. 142‑160, déc. 2018.
children with ASD: case reports. Poster presented at the IMFAR 2017 Congress